Campiglia Marittima today is one of the most evocative and best preserved medieval villages along the Etruscan coast, a tiny jewel in stone dominated by the fortress that constitutes the oldest part of the village, and that houses within its walls public gardens and a museum inside the old keep.
The historic centre of Campiglia makes up a monumental complex of great interest, with the 12th century Rocca fortress, the Romanesque church of San Giovanni, the parish church of San Lorenzo that houses precious works of art, the Palazzo Pretorio with the coats of arms of the various ‘Capitani’, and the 19th century Concordi Theatre. In addition, the urban layout with its medieval tower-house structures allows the visitor to see the slow stratification of human intervention that has led up to the urban form of today.
Human presence in the area dates back to a period between 90 and 35 thousand years ago, but significant traces of settlement begin in the Etruscan period, with the smelting furnaces at Madonna della Fucinaia, close to the Archaeological-mineral Park of San Silvestro (part of the Parchi della Val di Cornia system). Inaugurated in 1996, this park includes some of the most important monumental features of the territory.
Leaving the Campigliese hills – included in the route of the Costa degli Etruschi wine road, and from where you may enjoy an evocative panorama over the Tuscan Archipelago and North Corsica – the road drops down towards Venturina Terme, passing through terraced slopes given over to centuries-old olive groves. Some 5 kilometres from Campiglia, Venturina is a small town that began to develop in the first years of the 20th century. Here there is a Thermal Park that includes the Caldana Spa, with its swimming pool and hydropinic therapy, and the Calidario tourist centre, with a thermal lake where you can take the waters all year round. As well as this, the pavilions of the Fair area house the Museum of the Civilisation of Work, a collection of over 10,000 pieces that bears witness to daily life in the past and to local history.